Welcome to ABR Americas

Who we can help

What is Cerebral Palsy (CP) and who are ABR patients?

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is an umbrella term that refers to a group of disorders that cause physical disabilities in human development. One of the most common types of brain damage is caused by oxygen deprivation, also called Cerebral Hypoxia. Cases of total oxygen deprivation are termed “Anoxic Brain Injury“, which can be hypoxic in origin (reduced oxygen availability) or ischemic in origin (oxygen deprivation due to a disruption in blood flow). Brain injury as a result of oxygen deprivation either due to hypoxic or anoxic mechanisms are generally termed Hypoxic/Anoxic Injuries (HAI).

Brain injury may be classified as: “Traumatic Brain Injury” (TBI), resulting from external mechanical force, such as fall, vehicle accident, violence, birth trauma, etc… and “non-traumatic brain injury,” such as stroke, infection, etc.

ABR technique is also successful in the case of a Spinal Cord Injury either caused by trauma (car accident, falls, sports injuries, etc.) or disease (Spina bifidaFriedreich’s ataxia, etc.).

Finally, ABR techniques are also helpful in situations such as Development Coordination Disease and Developmental Delay.

Since its foundation in 2000, ABR has greatly improved the lives of children with cerebral palsy in all parts of the world. Our programs are designed for all children with CP, including the lightly, moderately or severely affected ones.

Here are the various types and subtypes of CP we currently help:

 

Hypertonia

Increased tone, often resulting is very stiff limbs.

Hypotonia                                          

Decreased muscle tone, often resulting in loose, floppy limbs

Quadriplegia/Quadriparesis

All four limbs affected

Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis

One side of body affected

Diplegia/Diparesis

Both legs are affected

Monoplegia/Monoparesis

Only one limb is affected

Triplegia/Triparesis

Three limbs affected

Dyskinesia

Individual’s inability to control muscle tone

Athetosis

Involuntary movement, especially in the arms, legs, and hands, that are often repetitive, sinous and rhythmic.

Dystonia

Affects the trunk muscles more than the limbs and results in fixed, twisted posture.

Ataxia

Problems with voluntary movements, balance, depth perception.